SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.65 issue5The Higgs profile in the standard model and beyondRaman spectroscopic study of the influence of voltage-time on titania growth-fast anodized nanostructures author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista mexicana de física

Print version ISSN 0035-001X


MARTINO, L.J.; D’ANGELO, C.A.; RODRIGUEZ, C.I.  and  DIAZ PACE, D.M.. Rapid monitoring of heavy metals in fluvial sediments using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Rev. mex. fis. [online]. 2019, vol.65, n.5, pp.440-448.  Epub Apr 23, 2020. ISSN 0035-001X.

In this work, a quantitative analysis of heavy metals Cr and Cu in fluvial sediments was carried out by Laser-induced breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to assess the anthropogenic. To perform the analysis, different sediment samples were collected at selected positions. Standard addition calibration curves were constructed for Cr and Cu by measuring the Cr I line at 357.87 nm and Cu I line at 324.75 nm. The moisture and organic matter contents of the sediments were taken into account to overcome the matrix effect. The quantitative models were evaluated statistically to evaluate the robustness and prediction ability of the method. Low values for root-mean-square errors for calibration (RMSEC), prediction (RMSEP) and cross-validation (RMSECV) were calculated. High values of the correlation coefficients of calibration ( R 2 c = 0:984 for Cr; R 2 c = 0:986 for Cu) and cross-validation ( R 2 c v = 0:985 for Cr; R 2 c v = 0:981 for Cu) were obtained. The calculated limits of detection (LoD) were 2.9 ppm for Cr and 3.3 ppm for Cu, and the limits of quantification (LoQ) were 9.5 ppm for Cr and 11 ppm for Cu. Concentrations of Cr and Cu higher than the baseline values were obtained in the sediments downstream (Cr: 49 ppm, Cu: 81 ppm) which are indicative of the pollution of the basin by heavy metals due to the spill of untreated effluents derived from anthropogenic activities. LIBS analysis was optimized for reliable heavy metal monitoring in fluvial sediments.

Keywords : Fluvial sediments; Chromium; Copper; Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; 42.62.Fi; 82.80.Dx; 07.88.+y.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )