Revista de investigación clínica
Print version ISSN 0034-8376
ESPINOSA-CUEVAS, María de los Ángeles et al. Bioimpedance vector analysis for body composition in Mexican population. Rev. invest. clín. [online]. 2007, vol.59, n.1, pp. 15-24. ISSN 0034-8376.
Objective. To construct bivariate tolerance ellipses from impedance values normalized for height, which can be used in Mexican population for the assessment of body composition and compare them with others made in different populations. Methods. Body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in 439 subjects (204 men and 235 women), 18 to 82 years old, with a BMI between 18-31, using an impedanciometer Quadscan 4000. Resistance, reactance and phase angle were used to calculate bioelectrical impedance vectors and construct bivariate tolerance ellipses. Results. Mean age in men was 47.1 ± 16 years and 42.4 ± 13 for women, mean weight (73.4 ± 9 vs. 60.1 ± 8 kg) and height (1.68 vs. 1.55 m) were significant greater in men than in women (p < 0.002). Women in comparison with men, had greater values of impedance (622.96 ± 66.16 Ω vs. 523.59 ± 56.56 Ω) and resistance (618.96 ± 66.10 Ω 61.97 vs. 521.73 ± 61.97Ω), as well as of resistance and reactance standardized by height (398.24 ± 46.30 Ω/m vs. 308.66 ± 38.44) (44.32 ± 7.14 Ω/m vs. 39.75 ± 6.29) respectively, with a significant difference in all of them (p < 0.0001). Similarly, the reactance was greater in females, nevertheless this difference did not reach statistical significance (68.96 ± 11.17 vs. 67.18 ± 10.3; p = 0.0861). The phase angle was greater in men than in women, with a statistically significant difference (7.33° ± 0.88 vs. 6.36° ± 0.97; p < 0.0001). Bivariate tolerance ellipses (50%, 75% y 95%) derived from Mexican subjects showed a significant upward deviation (p < 0.05) from previously published references from Mexican American and Italian populations. New ellipses of tolerance were therefore constructed for the Mexican population. Conclusions. Bioimpedance vectors in Mexican subjects are significantly different from the existing ones, supporting the need of population specific bivariate tolerance ellipses for the evaluation of body composition.
Keywords : Bioelectrical impedance; Resistance; Reactance; Vector; Body composition.