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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

Print version ISSN 2007-0934

Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc vol.9 n.7 Texcoco Sep./Nov. 2018  Epub Sep 30, 2020 

Description of cultivar

VCS-Brillante, variety of sorghum for the state of Sinaloa

Tomas Moreno-Gallegos1 

Claudia M. Melgoza-Villagómez2  § 

Luis A. Hernández-Espinal3 

Jesús A. López-Guzmán1 

Jesús M. Moreno-Hernández1 

Alfredo Loaiza-Meza1 

Víctor Pecina-Quintero4 

Noé Montes-García5 

Edith O. Cuevas Rodríguez6 

1Valley of Culiacán Experimental Field-INIFAP. Highway Culiacán-El Dorado km 17.5. Culiacán, Sinaloa. CP. 80000. (;

2Valley of Santo Domingo Experimental Site-INIFAP. Transpeninsular highway km 208, Cd. Constitución, BCS.

3Autonomous University of Sinaloa. San Ángel 3886, Fracc. San Benito, Culiacán, Sinaloa. CP. 80260. (

4Bajío Experimental Field-INIFAP. Road Celaya-San Miguel de Allende km 6.5, Celaya, Gto. (

5Río Bravo Experimental Field-INIFAP. Road Matamoros-Reynosa km 61, Rio Bravo, Tamaulipas. CP. 88900, (

6Faculty of Biological Chemistry Sciences-Autonomous University of Sinaloa. Blvd. of the Americas and Josefa O. de Dominguez, Culiacán, Sinaloa. CP. 80040. (


Sinaloa occupies the second national place in sorghum planted surface with 227 thousand 753 hectares, after Tamaulipas. In terms of production, Sinaloa ranks third with 484 650 tons of grain and 341 605 tons of sorghum green fodder per year. The problems faced by sorghum in Sinaloa are drought, as well as the scarce use of conservation practices and the use of moisture. For this reason, INIFAP in Sinaloa, released the VCS-Brillante variety which is registered with the number SOG-283-231117 and breeder’s title number 1891, in the National Catalog of Plant Varieties of the SINCS of Mexico. VCS-Brillante is a variety of intermediate vegetative cycle, cream or amber, is recommended for irrigation and temporary conditions. The average yield of the variety is 2 960 kg ha-1 of grain and 36 515 kg ha-1 of green forage, superior on average 5.4 and 44.6% respectively, to commercial hybrids of private companies. The bromatological quality of the forage is 6.7% of protein and 78.09% of digestibility, superior quality to the commercial control. It is tolerant to diseases that occur in the region, such as: ergot (Claviceps africana), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola), blight of the panicle (Fusarium moniliforme) and carbonaceous rot of the stem (Macrophomina phaseolina), it has tolerance to the yellow aphid. sorghum (Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner). VCS-Brillante was released as a variety with potential to be grown in the state of Sinaloa.

Key words: Sorghum bicolor; grain; resistance to diseases


Sinaloa ocupa el segundo lugar nacional en superficie sembrada de sorgo con 227 mil 753 hectáreas, después de Tamaulipas. En cuanto a producción, Sinaloa ocupa el tercer lugar con 484 mil 650 toneladas de grano y 341 mil 605 toneladas de forraje verde de sorgo al año. Los problemas que enfrenta el sorgo en Sinaloa, son la sequía, así como el escaso uso de prácticas de conservación y aprovechamiento de la humedad. Por esto el INIFAP en Sinaloa, libero la variedad VCS-Brillante la cual se encuentra registrada con el número SOG-283-231117 y título de obtentor número 1891, en el Catálogo Nacional de Variedades Vegetales del SINCS de México. VCS-Brillante es una variedad de ciclo vegetativo intermedio, de grano crema o ámbar, se recomienda para condiciones de riego y temporal. El rendimiento promedio de la variedad es de 2 960 kg ha-1 de grano y 36 515 kg ha-1 de forraje verde, superior en promedio 5.4 y 44.6% respectivamente, a híbridos comerciales de compañías privadas. La calidad bromatológica del forraje es 6.7% de proteína y 78.09% de digestibilidad, calidad superior al testigo comercial. Es tolerante a enfermedades que se presentan en la región, como son: ergot (Claviceps africana), antracnosis (Colletotrichum graminicola), tizón de la panoja (Fusarium moniliforme) y pudrición carbonosa del tallo (Macrophomina phaseolina), presenta tolerancia al pulgón amarillo del sorgo (Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner). VCS-Brillante se liberó como una variedad con potencial para ser cultivada en el estado de Sinaloa.

Palabras clave: Sorghum bicolor; grano; resistencia a enfermedades

In Mexico, the area sown with sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench.) In 2016 was 1 669 239 ha, with a production of 4 million 629 thousand tons of grain and 2 million 285 thousand tons of green fodder. Sinaloa occupies the second national place in sorghum planted surface with 227 thousand 753 hectares, after Tamaulipas. In terms of production, Sinaloa ranks third with 484 650 tons of grain and 341 650 tons of green sorghum forage per year (SIAP, 2018).

Among the main problems facing sorghum cultivation in Sinaloa, are the drought, caused by the erratic distribution of rainfall (from 450 to 600 mm, during the period from july to november), as well as the scarce use of conservation practices and use of moisture (Hernández et al., 2010). However, in the center and south of Sinaloa, commercial hybrids are predominantly sown under seasonal conditions susceptible to diseases and lodging of the plants, making mechanical harvesting and loss of grain yield impossible.

The germplasm that gave rise to the VCS-Brillante variety was introduced during 1986 to the Valley of Culiacan Experimental Field (CEVACU), in Sinaloa, Mexico, from ICRISAT. His progenitor lines were an androsterile female and a male restorer of fertility, of unknown genealogy; to the cross was assigned the denomination D (Sweet).

The selection of the segregating material of the cross was initiated from generation F2, by the groove method per panicle or pedigree for seven generations F7. Criteria such as plant health and performance were applied in the selection process. In this way, the advanced uniform line was obtained, which gave rise to ‘VCS-Brillante’, whose pedigree is: D-1-M-2-2-1-2-M-M.

From 1999 to 2009 this variety was evaluated in yield trials under rainfed and irrigated conditions, in several locations in the state of Sinaloa, Mexico and is registered in the National Catalog of Plant Varieties (CNVV) of SINCS with the number SOG -283-231117 and breeder’s title number 1891.

The phenotypic description of the variety was made using the descriptors of the Union of Producers and Variety Producers (UPOV), the VCS-Brillante variety is of intermediate vegetative cycle, with 60 to 65 days at flowering and from 105 to 110 days at the harvest, with necessary requirements of average heat units of 711.9 at flowering and 1 363.5 at harvest, has a plant height of 2.6 m, its leaves are light green, medium texture, without anthocyanins; its stem has eight internodes at maturity and the juice of this one has a concentration of soluble solids of 18 to 19 ºBrix, when the plants have the milky grain (Figure 1).

Figure 1 Plant of the sorghum variety ‘VCS-Brillante’ reproduced in Culiacan, Sinaloa. 

It has medium spikes (24 cm), open, with good excertion (18 cm) and glumes without anthocyanins in flowering, the grain is cream or amber, circular and semi-flat, with crystalline testa and endosperm, and medium texture. The characteristics of plant height, panicle length and exceeding length of VCS-Brilliant, during the autumn winter cycle, under irrigation conditions, tend to have lower values than those in the rainy season (Figure 2).

Figure 2 Representative panicle of the variety ‘VCS-Brillante’ reproduced in Culiacan, Sinaloa. 

In evaluations conducted under rainfed conditions in the southern and central zone of Sinaloa, VCS-Brillante showed similar behavior to commercial witnesses. In yield trials conducted over a period of five years (1999 to 2004) during the spring-summer cycle under temporary, VCS-Brillante presented an average yield of 2 960 kg ha-1 grain, thus exceeding 5.4% yield average of three commercial witnesses.

In the evaluation of forage production during spring-summer 2005 to 2009, established under temporary cycles. VCS-Brillante showed an average yield of 36 515 kg ha-1 of green fodder, to surpass the commercial control average by 44.68%.

The bromatological quality of the forage under irrigation, during the autumn-winter cycles of 2005 to 2009, was of 78.09% of digestibility and 6.73% of protein, exceeds in digestibility and in content of protein to the commercial control with 21.89 and 0.93 percentage points, respectively. The level of yield and the bromatological quality of forage places the VCS-Brillante variety as a double-purpose material, whose potential can be used for silage.

Based on the physical and chemical analysis of grain sorghum, the physical dimensions of this variety (length, width and thickness) were 4.63, 4.01 and 2.61 mm, respectively, it has been reported that sorghum grains are typically round, although most have a flattened part (Reichert et al., 1988). While the weight of 1000 grains of the VCS-Brillante variety was 34.63 ±0.26 g.

The chemical composition of the VCS-Brilliant sorghum grains showed a content percentage of proteins, lipids, ashes and carbohydrates of 14.22, 3.88, 1.82 and 80.08%, respectively, several researches have reported that sorghum contains a protein range of 10.4 to 12.41%, as well as lipid ranges from 3.1 to 3.6% and ranges from 1.5 to 1.7% of ashes (Rooney and Serna-Saldivar, 2000). Therefore, with the agronomic characteristics presented by VCS-Brillante, it was released as a new variety for the state of Sinaloa.


The basic seed is available to producers in the Valley of Culiacan Experimental Field, in Culiacan, Sinaloa. The generation of VCS-Brillante was supported by Fundacion Produce Sinaloa, AC; through, the project ‘Generation of technology of varieties and hybrids of sorghum for seasonal and irrigation in Sinaloa’. Likewise, Octavio Macias and Lorenzo Vega are thanked for their hard collaboration in the breeding program for sorghum.

Literatura citada

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González, R.; Ávila, J. y Pieruzzini, N. 2005. Manejo de las principales enfermedades del sorgo en el estado Portuguesa. Aspectos Fitosanitarios. 6:29-32. [ Links ]

Pérez, C. E. and Serna, S. O. 2007. Effect of preotease treatment before hydrolisis with -amylasa on the rate of starch and protein hydrolysis of maize, whole sorghum and decorticated sorghum. Cereal Chem. [ Links ]

Reichert, R.; Mwararu, M. and Mukuru, S. 1988. Characterization of colored grain sorghum lines and identification of high tannin lines with good dehulling characteristics. Cereal Chem. 65:165-170. [ Links ]

SIAP (Servicio de Información y Estadística Agroalimentaria y Pesquera). 2018. Anuario estadístico de la producción agrícola 2016 en México. El cultivo de sorgo. SAGARPA. [ Links ]

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Velázquez, V. R.; Narro, S. J. y Torres, M. H. 2001. Diseminación inicial del cornezuelo (Claviceps africana) de sorgo en México. Rev. Mex. Fitopatol. 19:100-103. [ Links ]

Received: October , 2018; Accepted: November , 2018

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