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Revista mexicana de ingeniería química

versión impresa ISSN 1665-2738

Rev. Mex. Ing. Quím vol.6 no.3 Ciudad de México dic. 2007




A preliminary study on molecular characterization of the eubacteria in a thermophilic, poultry waste fed anaerobic digester


Un estudio preliminar de la caracterización molecular de eubacterias en un digestor anaerobio, termofílico alimentado con desechos de una pollería


N. Balagurusamy*


Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Carretera Torreon-Matamoros Km 7.5, Ciudad Universitaria, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Torreón. CP 27000, México. * Corresponding author: E-mail: Phone 871- 7571795, fax: (+52) 871- 7571785


Received 20th February 2006
Accepted 6th November 2007



Biomethanation is a unique process which aids the recovery of carbon present in the wastes as methane, an energy rich product. The presence and activity of a variety of bacterial and archaeal microorganisms play a vital role in this process. An understanding of the microbial groups present in the anaerobic digester is important for augmenting the recovery of carbon and also will help in solving the digester related problems as the functioning of the digester depends on the microbial activity. Molecular characterization of the anaerobic bacteria present in a thermophilic (55°C) anaerobic digester fed with poultry waste was analyzed by DNA extraction followed by PCR amplification, cloning and sequencing of the obtained clones. Results showed that more than 75 per cent of the clones represented uncultured bacteria and among the different genera recorded, Clostridium sp. was dominant. Results demonstrated the need for obtaining more number of clones and a combination of different methods for reliable molecular characterization of an anaerobic digester.

Keywords: anaerobic digester, poultry waste, fermentative anaerobes, molecular analysis.



La biometanación es un proceso único que ayuda la recuperación del carbono presente en la basura como el metano, un producto rico en energía. La presencia y actividad de una variedad bacteriana y los microorganismos del archaea juegan un papel vital en este proceso. Una comprensión de los grupos microbianos presentes en el digestor anaerobio es importante para aumentar la recuperación de carbono y también ayudará resolver los problemas relacionados con el digestor ya que depende de la actividad microbiana. La caracterización molecular de grupos de bacterias anaerobias presente en un digestor termofilico (55°C), anaerobio alimentado con los desechos de la pollería se analizó por extracto de ADN seguido por la amplificación de PCR, clonando y secuenciado de los clones obtenidos. Los resultados mostraron que más del 75 por ciento de los clones representaron las bacterias no cultivadas y entre diferente genero registrado, Clostridium sp. era dominante. Los resultados demostraron claramente la necesidad de obtener más número de clones y la combinación de los métodos diferentes para una caracterización molecular confiable de un digestor anaerobio.

Palabras clave: digestor anaerobio, desechos de pollería, anaerobias fermentativas, análisis molecular.





The author wishes to thank Dr. David Huber, Dr. Umesh Reddy and Dr. Mark Chatfield of West Virginia State University, Institute, WV, USA for their help in providing lab facilities and all resources for this work.



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