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Revista de historia de América

versión On-line ISSN 2663-371X


COMESANA, Diana  y  VILCHES-BLAZQUEZ, Luis M.. A study of the Latin American newspapers from XIX-XX centuries with a focus on meteorological events. Rev. hist. Am. [online]. 2019, n.156, pp.29-59.  Epub 28-Feb-2022. ISSN 2663-371X.

One of the most useful developments for modern historians is the digitization of the newspaper archives, since these ones are appreciated information sources between scholars that want to understand issues associated with politics, culture, and society. This fact is promoting an increasing digitalization of this kind of archives, causing the appearance of “new” challenges, due to the fact lack of text recognition technologies application to digitalized historical newspapers. It makes difficult application of technologies that allow an automatic processing and retrieving events related to daily life, such as meteorological events.

Taking into account this scenario, this paper addresses these challenges for discovering how terminology was used in news related to meteorological events performed in the Latin-American society from the XIX-XX centuries. For that, we gather digitalized historical newspapers, which are available from websites, from National newspaper and periodicals libraries associated with Colombia, Ecuador, México and Uruguay. Once these newspapers have been collected, we carry out a corpus linguistics through a bibliomining process, performing technical readings and the application of technologies (QDA - MinerLite and R), which allows retrieving the terminology about meteorological events related to newspapers from different considered countries.

Palabras llave : Digitalized historical newspapers; meteorological event; information retrieval; bibliomining; terminology.

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