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Revista mexicana de oftalmología

versão On-line ISSN 2604-1227versão impressa ISSN 0187-4519


ROSALES-DIAZ, Ramses et al. Toll-like receptor 4 polymorphisms in patients with Stargardt disease: A family study. Rev. mex. oftalmol [online]. 2020, vol.94, n.1, pp.9-15.  Epub 25-Jun-2021. ISSN 2604-1227.


Retinal pigment epithelial cells exhibit a propensity for apoptosis in Stargardt macular dystrophy (STGD). Previously, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene have been related to apoptosis and inflammatory response. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate whether TLR4 SNPs are associated with STGD in a family-based study.


Four blood-related Mexican patients with a clinical diagnosis of STGD (4 women) and 12 of their unaffected relatives were included in the study. A total of 109 subjects (40 men and 69 women; age, 63.28 ± 7.93 years) without macular affections, family history, or inherited macular dystrophies were used as controls. SNPs rs4986790, rs1927911, rs12377632, rs2149356, and rs11536889 of the TLR4 gene were genotyped using a Taqman® Allelic Discrimination Assay.


The frequency of the minor allele of rs4986790 (G) was significantly higher in STGD patients compared to control subjects (25% vs. 1%, p = 0.0012). The genotype carrying the minor allele of rs4986790 (AG) was more frequent in STGD patients (50%) compared with their relatives and unrelated control subjects (8 and 2.75%, respectively), with statistical significance (p = 0.0048).The allele and genotype frequencies of the remaining SNPs were not significant between STGD patients and control subjects (p > 0.5). Unaffected relatives of STGD patients showed allele and genotype frequencies similar to those observed in control subjects.


Minor alleles of the SNPs rs4986790 (G) and genotypes carrying it (AG) were related to clinical STGD in one family. Interestingly, rs4986790 has been described as a promoter of apoptosis. Therefore, this TLR4 gene polymorphism should be considered as a marker in future studies.

Palavras-chave : Stargardt disease; Toll-like receptor 4; Polymorphisms; Family-based genetic study.

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