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El trimestre económico

versión On-line ISSN 2448-718Xversión impresa ISSN 0041-3011


MAYA-AMBIA, Carlos J.. Review of the current discussion on COVID-19 in the field of social thought. El trimestre econ [online]. 2020, vol.87, n.348, pp.1233-1258.  Epub 05-Mar-2021. ISSN 2448-718X.

The article analyzes the most recent discussion about COVID-19 among social thinkers from several countries to clarify some important questions about the causes, effects, and prospects of the pandemic. This review shows that the neoliberal globalization has facilitated the appearance of the pandemic and has diminished the capacity of national states to face the problem. The first, because such globalization has driven the destruction of biodiversity. The second, because for years neoliberal policies have weakened the health sector, even in the most developed countries. Therefore, the only way to avoid future pandemics, with effects like those we are witnessing now, is a radical change in our production and consumption patterns, by taking care of nature and stopping its irresponsible exploitation. Regarding possible scenarios in the future, pessimistic, optimistic and cautious positions appear. All of them with foundations that deserve to be discussed. Finally, we present the lessons learned from the pandemic, which must be taken into account before undertaking any attempt to shape the future.

Palabras llave : COVID-19; neoliberalism; globalization; ecology; F59; I18; I19; Q01; Q50.

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