SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.9Effects of different inorganic selenium levels in laying quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) diets on performance, egg quality, and serum biochemical parametersSTEC non-0157 strains in meat from Southern Sonora, Mexico and their antibiotic resistance índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • No hay artículos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Veterinaria México OA

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6760


LEMUS-FLORES, Clemente et al. Effects of dietary avocado meal on production performance, carcass traits, muscle fatty acid composition and gene expression of pigs. Veterinaria México OA [online]. 2022, vol.9, e1017.  Epub 16-Mayo-2023. ISSN 2448-6760.

Dietary avocado meal (AM) may improve growth and muscle fatty acid composition in pigs due to the expression of genes. Transcriptome analysis of Longissimus dorsi muscle and liver and the effect of 0, 5 and 10 % AM in the feed of Landrace-Yorkshire pigs on growth, carcass, muscle fatty acid composition and blood metabolites were evaluated. Twenty-four castrated males with an initial weight of 55 ± 3 kg were distributed under a completely random design. Transcriptome analysis was carried out with massive sequencing, with EdgeR and DESeq2 methods for differentially gene expression (DGE; P ≤ 0.01, log2 fold change ≤ 1.5). We observed higher DGE in both tissues, with down log2 fold change, by including 5 or 10 % AM in the diet against AM0. Genes associated with lipid metabolism (down ANO3; up GOS2, MYLIP, PLIN4), growth (down FOS, MT1A, MT1D, PHGDH; up ARNTL) circadian clock (down DBP, NOCT, PER1, PER2, PER3, SIK1; up ARNTL), immune system (down CD163, CRP, OTUD1; up C1QTNF7, NFIL3) and antioxidative activity (up HP and NCF4) were observed. The inclusion of AM in the diets increased daily gain, feed intake, slaughtered body weight, carcass weight and ham (P < 0.05). Back fat was greater for AM10 (P < 0.001). AM in the diet decreased intramuscular fat and had less triglycerides in the blood (P < 0.05). AM10 in the diet modified the gene expression and quality of the IMF, had more linoleic acid, total fatty acids Ω6, ∑polyunsaturated fatty acids, PUFA/SFA, and PUFA/MUFA (P < 0.001).

Palabras llave : avocado meal; intramuscular fat; differentially gene expression; transcriptome.

        · texto en Inglés     · Inglés ( pdf )