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Análisis económico

versão On-line ISSN 2448-6655versão impressa ISSN 0185-3937

Resumo

PELAEZ HERREROS, Óscar. Convergence-divergence in the Marginalization Index variables, 1970-2015. Anál. econ. [online]. 2017, vol.32, n.81, pp.31-48. ISSN 2448-6655.

The objective of this paper is to test if the states with greater lags in the variables that compose the Marginalization Index reduced the distance with the more advanced states (convergence) or if, on the contrary, their gaps were widened (divergence) during the period 1970-2015.With this purpose, we estimate β-convergence models using cross-sectional data for the entire period and different subperiods. We also estimate panel data models and test their characteristics.The results show interregional divergence for the variables included in the education and housing dimensions of the Marginalization Index. At most, convergence is characteristic of only two of the nine index variables:the percentages of population in localities with less than 5,000 inhabitants, and of employees with incomes of up to 2 minimum wages.

Palavras-chave : H75; I31; O11; R11; divergence; welfare indicators; panel data.

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