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Estudios sociológicos

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6442versión impresa ISSN 0185-4186

Resumen

RUIZ MURIEL, Martha Cecilia  y  ALVAREZ VELASCO, Soledad. Protection under Exclusion: Ecuador’s “War” on Human Trafficking and Migrants Smuggling and its New Logic of Migration Control. Estud. sociol [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.111, pp.689-725.  Epub 20-Feb-2020. ISSN 2448-6442.  https://doi.org/10.24201/es.2019v37n111.1686.

Far from conceiving that security and human rights, on one hand, andrestriction and protection, on the other, are two exclusionary perspectives in international migration management; this article argues that both articulate and feed one another. Drawing on research on governmentality, we explore this articulation, while analysing anti-trafficking and anti-smuggling policies, core elements within regional and international migration agendas. We focus on Ecuador’s “Citizens Revolution” government. Based upon an ethnographic study, we reveal the role migrants smuggling and human trafficking have strategically played in the production of “risky migration” and “migrant irregularity”, and in justifying exceptional measures during particular conjunctures defined as “humanitarian crises”. We conclude that migration policies formulated during the Ecuadorean “post neoliberal” period are not wholly autonomous nor dissident, but functional to the global and hegemonic neoliberal migration control regime.

Palabras llave : migration; governmentality; human trafficking; migrant smuggling; post-neoliberalism.

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