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Revista interdisciplinaria de estudios de género de El Colegio de México

On-line version ISSN 2395-9185

Abstract

ROJAS GARCIA, Georgina; MARTINEZ SILVA, Eleocadio  and  BELMONT CORTES, Edgar. Shifts in the Occupations of Men and Women Following the Restructuring of Mexico's Energy Sector. Rev. interdiscip. estud. género Col. Méx. [online]. 2020, vol.6, e501.  Epub Sep 09, 2020. ISSN 2395-9185.  https://doi.org/10.24201/reg.v6i0.501.

This article examines how the restructuring of energy production in Mexico has affected the arrangements between men and women in terms of managing the workplace and the domestic sphere. Two cities were as case studies (Necaxa, in the state of Puebla, and Ciudad Pemex, in the state of Tabasco), and a methodology of first-hand, quantitative and qualitative was applied. For decades, stable employment in the energy sector sustained the traditional gender-based division of labor between men and women in outside the home. Faced with the attempt to continue reproducing traditional gender roles, men are questioning their role as main suppliers and women are entering a job market used to be predominantly male. Women find themselves working double shifts but are now gaining a foothold in the job market.

Keywords : energy sector; structural adjustment; business closure; gender-based division of labor; labor segregation; gender roles.

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