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Estudios sociales. Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional

versión On-line ISSN 2395-9169


GARCIA-ANGEL, María Cristina; RAMIREZ-MIRANDA, César Adrián; TRECH, Tim  y  PEREZ-SANCHEZ, Alfonso. Peasant persistence. Voices from Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico and El Cauca, Colombia. Estud. soc. Rev. aliment. contemp. desarro. reg. [online]. 2022, vol.32, n.60, e221223.  Epub 10-Mar-2023. ISSN 2395-9169.


Contribute to the discussion of the peasant question in the 21st century. It considers peasant identities as a factor of change and continuity that explain their permanence in the hostile scenarios of modernisation.


The empirical support is provided by the voices of peasants from Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico and the Department of Cauca, Colombia, collected through participatory research during 2019 and 2020.


Those reveal a range of identities that include both imposed and self-affirmed identities, which allow us to understand that the relationship with the land is not limited to its use, but also questions of well-being, freedom, security and care; that peasant work, although it includes a multiplicity of nonagricultural activities, does not lose this character.


The age and gender specificities of the peasants with whom the dialogue took place were not analysed, as the participants were mostly male adults.


Peasant identities are a reflection of the hegemonic power within which subaltern groups operate; but they also express a sense of being a peasant, created in their historical development and that refers to a collective way of life based on the family and the land, which is why the permanent struggle with the corporate food regime keeps the peasant in constant tension.

Palabras llave : regional development; peasant identities; corporate food regime; peasant labor; peasant validity; agri-food hegemony.

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