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Estudios sociales. Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional

versión On-line ISSN 2395-9169


GONZALEZ-BERNAL, Víctor Manuel; HERNANDEZ-GUERRERO, Felipe; REAL-FLORES, Jaime Humberto del  y  MARTINEZ-RIVERA, Juan Ildefonso. Identity change and human rights in indigenous communities because of the construction of hydroelectric dams in Nayarit. Estud. soc. Rev. aliment. contemp. desarro. reg. [online]. 2022, vol.32, n.59, e221207.  Epub 06-Mar-2023. ISSN 2395-9169.


To present the situation that prevails due to the non-compliance with human rights and the identity changes identified in communities bordering the banks of three hydroelectric dams in Nayarit.


The research was based on the ethnographic method focused on the study of people and cultures, resorting to semi-structured interviews with authorities and residents of the communities, to learn from their own voices, the changes that arose from the construction of hydroelectric dams. The results of a survey applied to 85 people over 45 years of age were used to express the transformations in their lifestyles, worldview and traditions.


It was found that the population of the native communities under study are in a situation of extreme poverty, which has not been solved with the provision of public goods and services, likewise, a strong tendency to the loss of their culture and identity was observed in the new generations.


Greater depth in the study of culture and local development in indigenous peoples.


The native communities are in a process of change in their lifestyles, customs and traditions, and that there is little interest of older generations in their transmission, due to the resistance to adopt and maintain them by the new generations, the existence of a high population mobility was observed, and that the audiovisual contamination by information and communication technologies, threaten their identity, languages and ways of life.

Palabras llave : regional development; human rights; cultural change; identity; rural work; native people.

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