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Revista de economía

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8715


MARTINEZ SIDON, Gilberto  y  MORONES CARRILLO, Ana Lourdes. Analysis and quantification of gender wage discrimination in Mexico’s tourism industry. Rev. econ. [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.97, pp.88-113.  Epub 06-Dic-2021. ISSN 2395-8715.

This article analyzes and quantifies gender wage discrimination in Mexico´s tourism industry. Based on Mincer (1974) equations that quantify the private return on human capital, Oaxaca (1973) and Blinder (1973) methodology is implemented to calculate the wage gap between men and women, which is divided into endowment effects, coefficients (discrimination), and interaction. In addition, Heckman's (1979) methodology is used to correct for selection bias to enter the labor market and selection bias to work in the tourism industry. Control variables are also included for some occupations. The data was obtained from the National Survey of Occupation and Employment (Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo, ENOE) for the fourth quarter of 2019. The results suggest that 21.95% of the wage gap in the Mexico´s tourism industry in favor of men can be attributed to investment in human capital, while 39.35% of the gap is explained by wage discrimination against women. When including control variables of labor occupations, the percentage that explains the wage gap attributable to discrimination decreases to 38.82%.

Palabras llave : wage discrimination; tourism sector; gender; human capital; Mexico; B23; j16; j24; j31.

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