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Nóesis. Revista de ciencias sociales

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8669versión impresa ISSN 0188-9834


LUZ TOVAR, Christian De la  y  PINEDA SALAZAR, Sibyl Italia. Regional analysis of the wage discrimination in the indigenous workers in Mexico. Nóesis, Rev. cienc. soc. [online]. 2023, vol.32, n.64, pp.47-72.  Epub 08-Dic-2023. ISSN 2395-8669.

The objective of this research is to estimate and decompose the wage gap between indigenous and non-indigenous workers by region in Mexico, to examine whether there are regional differences in the existing wage inequality that a priori affects the indigenous population and whether these differences can be attributed to the job profile of this group or by systematic labor discrimination against them. Using the data from the 2018 National Household Expenditure Revenue Survey (ENIGH-N) and the Oaxaca- Blinder decomposition, it was found that indigenous workers face a wage gap in all regions of the county. But, this gap is more pronounced in the center and south regions, where, on average, the associated component with labor discrimination has a percentage greater than 56. In contrast, in the north-central and northern regions of Mexico, the residual component is on average less than 33%, which suggests that the wage gap is explained by differences in productivity between groups.

Palabras llave : Labor economics; Ethnicity wage gap; Indigenous population; Regions; Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition.

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