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Iztapalapa. Revista de ciencias sociales y humanidades

versión On-line ISSN 2007-9176versión impresa ISSN 0185-4259


ROMERO NAVARRETE, Lourdes  y  OLVERA MOLINA, Mónica. Water control under Watershed Management model in Mexico. Iztapalapa. Rev. cienc. soc. humanid. [online]. 2019, vol.40, n.86, pp.125-158. ISSN 2007-9176.

This article studies the Watershed Management model, seen as a device of cognitive and cultural order, which sees the basin as a‘natural’ space, strongly avoiding power dynamics that influence the model implementation. Based on basin denaturation, proposed by the critical Geography and on the notion of governmentality of Michel Foucault, analyzes the control exercised by the economical actors in the design of public policies, to through its inclusion in the high water bureaucracy and in Basin Councils. The National Waters Law (1992), established these Councils for concertation, but as show its integration in the long time, they are instances of legitimation of particular interests. In this manner, both regionalization based on hydrological cycles in the area of the basin, and public policy -give and for citizen- feedback problems of supply and inequity in water distribution, at the same time impact negatively in hydrological processes that claim to attend. The cases of study refer to the Mexico City, the region of La Laguna, in the States of Coahuila and Durango, and de valleys of Central Oaxaca, all of them, crossed by serious social and environmental issues.

Palabras llave : water; conflict; inequality; Basin Councils; Governmentality.

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