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CienciaUAT

versión On-line ISSN 2007-7858versión impresa ISSN 2007-7521

Resumen

AGUERO-RODRIGUEZ, José Cruz; TEPETLA-MONTES, Julia  y  TORRES-BERISTAIN, Beatriz. Biofuels and sugarcane in Veracruz, Mexico: perspectives and socio-environmental risks. CienciaUAT [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.2, pp.74-84. ISSN 2007-7858.

Mexico has a regulatory framework since 2008 to boost the production of bioenergy, but this has not been yet significantly increased; However, there are regions and states concerned to take the lead, as Veracruz, where the state government promotes the planting of crops for the production of biofuels, as well as, the industrial restructuring of the utilization of the sugar cane. The region of Cordoba-Paso del Macho represents an area of high interest because 9 of the 22 state mills are located there and 3 bioethanol producing companies are established. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact that will have the transformation of the national and state policies on biofuels, primarily with energy cane, its socio-economic scope and posible socio-environmental externalities when becoming producing regions. A documentary, bibliographic and hemerographic analysis of publications on the subject from 2009 to 2013 was conducted. We visited this region in the months of July to August 2011, conducting participatory workshops in 3 communities, as well as, 20 semistructured interviews with various actors involved in the sugar cane production. The results revealed that Veracruz lacks a comprehensive energy project in spite of its significant oil reserves. In addition, the results show that such state heavily relies on attracting foreign investment, hindering the transition towards an energy policy based on renewable resources and local environmental, technological and social capacities. Agrofuels represent a regional alternative, in small and medium-scale for the production of biofuels. Nevertheless, regulatory mechanisms must be established to ensure the diversified use of the soil, to preserve the food supply and to prevent it from becoming more expensive. Furthermore, it is required to consider the social profitability and to establish strict control mechanisms to preserve the protected natural areas.

Palabras llave : Agrofuels; productive reconversion; socio-environmental externalities; energy policy; renewable resources.

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