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RIDE. Revista Iberoamericana para la Investigación y el Desarrollo Educativo

On-line version ISSN 2007-7467


PEREZ CRUZ, Omar Alejandro  and  PINTO PEREZ, Rogelio. Determinants of Labor Insertion in University Graduates in México. RIDE. Rev. Iberoam. Investig. Desarro. Educ [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.21, e027.  Epub Mar 09, 2021. ISSN 2007-7467.

The diversity of economic, technological and social changes that the world has been experienced in the last decade has influenced the labor market, the ways of understanding the configuration and dynamics of employment, the processes of transition between education and work, the training strategies, as well as the progressive adjustments between the curricula of universities and the initiation and insertion of graduates into the labor market. This article presents a review of some of the central factors around the relationship between higher education and the world of work, in order to contextualize employability as a concept, practice and instrument of economic and educational policy in Mexico. The objective was to estimate the statistical significance that a set of predictive variables (degree, academic elements, curricular elements and personal skills) exert on the dependent (labor insertion). To this end, a survey study has been implemented through a mixed strategy (online and telephone), as well as an econometric analysis, with panel data and ordinary least squares (OLS) regression with corrected standard errors. The results show that graduates, and more those entitled by exam, are significantly associated with labor insertion. Likewise, the variables of entrepreneurship, teamwork, work environment, workshop and laboratory practices, and ICT management are significantly associated with job placement. By managing these variables, it is possible to increase the probability of graduates to enter the labor market.

Keywords : panel data; labor insertion; follow-up of graduates.

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