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Acta de investigación psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-4719versión impresa ISSN 2007-4832

Resumen

ARMENTA HURTARTE, Carolina  y  FORZAN DAUZON, Mónica. Social Pressure of Family and Friends in Shaping Gender Identity in Adolescents from Mexico City. Acta de investigación psicol [online]. 2020, vol.10, n.2, pp.104-113.  Epub 05-Mar-2021. ISSN 2007-4719.  https://doi.org/10.22201/fpsi.20074719e.2020.2.350.

In the last decade, Mexico has developed various actions that seek to change the traditional binary gender system in aims to promote equity among them (CONAPRED, 2018). It has been identified that socializing provides typical gender patterns for women and men through same sex friendships (Winstead, Derlega, & Rose, 1997). The purpose of this study is to analyze the association between social pressure from friends and family in the conformation of gender identity (Córdoba & Sapién, 2011). In order to accomplish this purpose, a non-random sample of 313 adolescents from Mexico City was formed that answered the gender identity scale (Eagan & Perry, 2001). The findings show that men have greater social pressure from family and friends than women, and it was also found that it is the social pressure from same sex friends that predicts gender identity during adolescence in both men and women. Particularly, for men it is possible to observed that the pressure of same sex friends leads to a greater self-perception of behaviors that are not typical of the assigned gender. This research identify that it is more important the same sex friends than family in gender identity. Finally, findings show that the efforts for gender equality are shaping the gender identity of women.

Palabras llave : Gender; Identity; Social Pressure; Adolescence.

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