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Acta de investigación psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 2007-4719versión impresa ISSN 2007-4832


GARCIA CAMPOS, Tonatiuh; CORREA-ROMERO, Fredi E.; GARCIA Y BARRAGAN, Luis F.  y  CRUZ TORRES, Christian E.. Index of Cultural Traditionalism. Acta de investigación psicol [online]. 2020, vol.10, n.2, pp.56-64.  Epub 05-Mar-2021. ISSN 2007-4719.

Culture is an extremely important variable in the study of human behavior, where the work done in this regard has allowed to identify that the meanings and the subjective culture depend on the sociocultural context of reference, where ethnopsychology requires the development of knowledge and tools that allow generating a better amalgam between universal psychology (Western and First World), with Psychology. Under the frame of reference that defines culture as a system of meanings shared by a group and transmitted from generation to generation, which allows the group to satisfy their basic survival needs, seek happiness and well-being and understand the meaning of life; and with the support that different studies have reported differences in psychological variables according to the socio-cultural context, the present investigation had as objective, to generate an index of cultural traditionalism, through the Sociocultural Historical Premises (PHSCs). 1017 batteries were applied that, in addition to evaluating the PHSCs, Individualism-Collectivism and Instrumentality- Expressivity were also evaluated in men and women from urban and rural areas of North, Central and South Mexico, all under the informed consent. The results reflect a factorial structure formed by Machismo, Virginity, Respect over love, Social reproduction, cultural dynamics and Gender inequality. A model was obtained with adequate adjustments that allow guaranteeing this index with variables associated exclusively with the traditional culture, where Virginity and Social Reproduction represent the greatest weight within the index of cultural traditionalism. In turn, the index is sensitive to cultural variables such as Individualism - Collectivism and sociocultural constructs such as Instrumentality - Expressivity, reflecting significant differences in different factors, with effects ranging from small to moderate. The results guarantee a tool that can be used in psychological or behavioral research, as well as in the application of psychology.

Palabras llave : Culture; Ethnopsychology; Historical-Sociocultural Premises; Mexican.

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