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Problema anuario de filosofía y teoría del derecho

versión On-line ISSN 2448-7937versión impresa ISSN 2007-4387


BOTERO-BERNAL, Andrés. Moral, law and society. Interdisciplinary considerations on the moral crisis in contemporary Latin american society. Probl. anu. filos. teor. derecho [online]. 2022, n.16, pp.283-324.  Epub 21-Mar-2023. ISSN 2448-7937.

This paper explores the systemic complexity of speaking of a moral crisis as applied in contemporary society, especially in Latin America, which requires an interdisciplinary approach to address the issue. Four aspects point to a systemic complexity of the moral crisis. First, as a normative system based on the desire for a better society, morality will never be satisfied with the society in which it is framed, which leads to permanent discontent. Secondly, since a moral crisis indicates that there is no connection between what one actually has and what one wants, the desired connection implies that several systemic variables need to be interconnected for moral development to truly take place (following Kohlbert's theory of moral development with a few adjustments). Such variables are more complex than what the political system believes or wants to make people believe. Thirdly, declaring the existence of a moral crisis and, therefore, the need for actions geared towards resolving it does not imply a consensus on what moral standards should be accepted or which course of action should be taken to achieve this end. To begin with, it is relatively common that the agents accused of causing the current "moral crisis of society and law" in contemporary societies are usually the agents who, as free riders, decry the very same crisis. And fourth, a systemic change that leads to a jump in moral development must be considerably strong, and the measures that are usually proposed to cope with it, besides not being very clear, are usually inadequate or naïve (such as calling for the creation or strengthening of ethics as a subject in the curricula for future citizens in general and lawyers in particular). Lastly, a proposal based on this systemic and interdisciplinary diagnosis will be put forward to enhance the possible responses to face the crisis; otherwise, what has been rejected will remain in place.

Palabras llave : Moral; Moral Development; Society; Law; Moral Crisis.

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