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Botanical Sciences

versão On-line ISSN 2007-4476versão impressa ISSN 2007-4298

Resumo

CONTRERAS-MEDINA, Raúl et al. Biogeographic analysis of ferns and lycophytes in Oaxaca: A Mexican beta-diverse area. Bot. sci [online]. 2022, vol.100, n.1, pp.204-222.  Epub 03-Fev-2022. ISSN 2007-4476.  https://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.2844.

Background:

Spatial patterns related to richness and endemism of Mexican ferns and lycophytes are not well known, particularly in highly biodiverse areas; among these, Oaxaca is considered a highly biodiverse Mexican state.

Questions:

Where are located the centers of richness and endemism of lycophytes and ferns in Oaxaca? Both groups of plants support the idea of beta-diverse state condition for Oaxaca?

Study site and research period:

The study includes all territory of Oaxaca, between 2015 and 2019.

Methods:

We analyzed the species distribution using grid cells of 20’ × 20’ of latitude and longitude as study units. For this, we applied species richness, endemism indexes (weighted endemism and corrected weighted endemism), and components of biodiversity (α, β and γ), associated with a complementarity index. The distributional data of the species were mainly obtained from herbarium specimens.

Results:

The richness areas are concentrated in the Sierra Norte and Istmo regions. Three important areas in richness and endemic species are suggested from the endemism indexes. Most of the grid-cell combinations resulted in high values from the complementarity analysis suggesting a high species turnover.

Conclusions:

The diversity analyses suggested that Oaxaca is a beta-diverse state. The NOM-059 needs a serious, urgent, and critical revision for ferns and different biological groups. The Areas Voluntarily Designated for Conservation in Oaxaca play a major role in relation to Natural Protected Areas for conservation of ferns and lycophytes.

Palavras-chave : Beta diversity; endemism; Mexico; pteridoflora; richness.

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