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Revista Chapingo serie ciencias forestales y del ambiente

versão On-line ISSN 2007-4018versão impressa ISSN 2007-3828


MONTOYA-REYES, Francisco et al. Forest rehabilitation and its role in bird conservation in El Porvenir, Hidalgo, Mexico. Rev. Chapingo ser. cienc. for. ambient [online]. 2019, vol.25, n.3, pp.441-459.  Epub 19-Fev-2021. ISSN 2007-4018.


Conserving terrestrial ecosystems in good condition is a global challenge. In Mexico, forest rehabilitation is a widely used practice to achieve this task.


To analyze the effect of forest rehabilitation on avifauna parameters (richness, abundance and diversity) and vegetation structure.

Materials and methods:

The study was conducted in El Porvenir, Hidalgo, Mexico, in areas under forest rehabilitation with Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl. aged 5(R5), 12(R12) and 14(R14) years, and in a Pinus cembroides Zucc. forest as a reference site (RS). Sampling was done using a systematic grid design. Avifauna presence was monitored under two schemes: fixed-radius point counts and capture by constant-effort mist-netting. The tree structure was characterized by the point-centered quarter method. Differences between conditions were tested with a permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA).

Results and discussion:

The RS had the highest bird richness (34) and showed significant differences (P = 0.0003) with rehabilitation conditions. The distribution of abundance in R5 and R14 was fitted to a geometric model, R12 to a logarithmic model and RS to a log-normal one, exhibiting significant differences among them (P = 0.033). Bird diversity presented differences between conditions (P = 0.005); the maximum similarity was between R14 and RS. The older the forest rehabilitation age, the more the vegetation structure and bird parameters increased.


The areas under forest rehabilitation function as reservoirs for the maintenance and conservation of avifauna in disturbed environments.

Palavras-chave : avifauna; biodiversity; vegetation structure; disturbed environments; PERMANOVA.

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