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versão On-line ISSN 2007-3364


MONTERO-BAGATELLA, Sandra Helena  e  GONZALEZ-ROMERO, Alberto. Demographic analysis of a species in critical condition: Perote squirrel (Xerospermophilus perotensis Merriam, 1892). Therya [online]. 2014, vol.5, n.3, pp.737-749. ISSN 2007-3364.


The density and structure of populations are basic demographic parameters to calculate for species with a conservation concern. The endemic Perote ground squirrel (Xerospermophilus perotensis) is distributed in the Oriental Basin, in the states of Puebla, Veracruz and Tlaxcala (Mexico). At present, this squirrel is facing serious conservation problems because their habitat has been drastically reduced and transformed, mainly by the conversion to agricultural lands, causing that it only persist in small and isolated populations. The International Union for Conservation of Nature and the Mexican government has classified this species as endangered and threatened respectively. Inasmuch as the species has a restricted distribution, small population and reduced habitat, our aim was to obtain the basic population parameters such as density and population structure.


From years 2010 to 2011 we captured, marked, and recaptured individuals of X. perotensis to determine the age (juveniles and adults), weight, sex ratio and reproductive status (scrotal testes in males or pregnancy and lactation signs in females) in three sites in the Perote Valley, Veracruz, Mexico. The plant associations were the main difference among these sites. All samplings were carried out every two months just including the activity period of the squirrel (April-October).


The population parameters evaluated showed similar values at the three study sites (Figure 1). The densities were higher in April-June (breeding season) with 24 ind/ha and lowest in October (beginning hibernation) with 2 ind/ha. Adults predominated in all sites (Figure 2). Juveniles were more abundant in August. The highest number of individuals with reproductive characters (scrotal testes, pregnancy or lactation signs) was found in June (Figure 3). Densities were higher in April-June (breeding season) with 24 ind/ha and lowest in October (beginning hibernation) with 5 ind/ha. The number of juveniles and adults showed significant differences (P = 0.002).


The results indicate that the population of the Perote ground squirrel is declining and shows low population recruitment. Also their habitat is being transformed rapidly and offers few opportunities for the development of the species. We suggest that the species should be categorized as an endangered species instead of threatened in Mexico. Also, farmers could allow the establishment of animals when they do not use the land, this action can stimulate the population growth.

Palavras-chave : endemic species; density; ground squirrel; population structure; Veracruz.

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