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TORRES GAXIOLA, Andrea. Bolívar Echeverría: Critical Discourse and the Politics of the Nature Form. Valenciana [online]. 2020, vol.13, n.25, pp.261-282.  Epub June 15, 2020. ISSN 2007-2538.

In this article, we present Bolivar Echeverría’s use value theory and its implications. Clasical Marxism has long centered the study of Marx’s theory on modes of production, the relationship between structure-superstructure, the value theory, the crisis theory, among others subjects. However, it has rarely focused on Marx’s use value concept and only few ideas have been devised upon it. A noticeable exception is El discurso critic de Marx (Marx’s critical discourse), where Bolívar Echeverría proposes to go back to capital’s essential contradiction: use value vs. value, and to formulate a use-value theory. Thus, this paper presents the critical and political implications of Echeverria’s theory: based upon the core idea natural form-use value, he establishes a critical discourse that is able to understand capitalism politics and presents us with a better comprehension of the field of politics. For Echeverría, rather than the traditional understanding of politics in terms of the super-structure of economics, the human political life takes place in the reproduction of social life, in the concrete construction of a nature-form.

Keywords : Use value; Nature Form; Politics; Critical theory; Latin-American Marxism.

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