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Print version ISSN 2007-2538


HIGUERO, Francisco Javier. Libertad negativa como estrategia deconstructora de deseos y temores en el materialismo antropológico de Hobbes. Valenciana [online]. 2015, vol.8, n.15, pp.35-57. ISSN 2007-2538.

In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes implies that the state of nature, devoid of government, political or social institutions, laws, or legally enforceable agreements, allows absolute freedom to individuals at the same time that condemns them to perpetual war with each other, so that they were compelled to live all the time with insecurity and fear of a violent death. Hobbes enumerates a variety of reasons of why men are at enmity with each other in the state of nature, they include the conflicts that are the result from the appetite for the things that cannot be divided or enjoyed in common. By the use of force, it is decided that those goods go to the strongest one. Now then, the equality of men with respect to their ability to kill each other creates fear among them. In order to resolve the binary dichotomy expressed in the opposition between desires and fears, Hobbes seems to favor a deconstructive strategy directed toward the implementation of anthropological practices that might be considered examples of negative freedom.

Keywords : Deconstruction; Desire; Dichotomy; Hobbes; Freedom; Fear.

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