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Revista mexicana de trastornos alimentarios

versión On-line ISSN 2007-1523


KIRSZMAN, Diana  y  SALGUEIRO, María del Carmen. Body Image. Mediating dimensions in psychopathology and types of intervention. Rev. Mex. de trastor. aliment [online]. 2015, vol.6, n.2, pp.129-136. ISSN 2007-1523.

This paper explore the role that body image plays in the psychopathology of eating disorders, from dissatisfaction in one extreme of the continuum through distortion at the other end, its incidence as a risk factor in the generation of the disorder and as a relapse predictor. Highlights the relevance of the social construction of body image and hence, the need for consideration of contextual factors for its understanding and for the design of specific treatment interventions. Emphasizes the importance of body image disturbances as a hard core of psychopathology, as a maintenance factor, and indicator for prognosis. It initially details body image' perceptual, cognitive and behavioral components and research in different contexts and populations. Some instruments that help to define the dimentions of this complex concept are listed. Finally, describes different types of intervention, mainly psychotherapy approaches (individual, family and couple and group psychotherapy), the use of virtual reality and mindfulness based interventions, placing these specific interventions within the overall treatment, in a second phase, after the control of symptomatology.

Palabras llave : Body image; Body dissatisfaction; Eating disorders; Psychotherapy; Virtual reality.

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