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Revista mexicana de ciencias pecuarias

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6698versión impresa ISSN 2007-1124

Resumen

ALVAREZ VAZQUEZ, Perpetuo et al. Forage accumulation in Lotus corniculatus L. as a function of harvest strategy. Rev. mex. de cienc. pecuarias [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.4, pp.1087-1100.  Epub 02-Mar-2021. ISSN 2448-6698.  https://doi.org/10.22319/rmcp.v11i4.4950.

Different harvest strategies can substantially affect yield in forages. A study was carried out to determine the optimum harvest strategy for Lotus corniculatus, genotype 255301, during two production periods among four tested strategies: three determined by the percentage of light intercepted by the canopy (90, 95 and 100 % IL), and one season-defined fixed cut (FC). The treatments (IL and FC) were distributed in a randomized block design with three repetitions. Forage yield in the FC was 27 % lower than the 95 % IL in the first period (19,915 vs 28,417 kg DM ha-1), and 29 % lower than the average of all three IL treatments in the second period (19,100 vs 26,952 kg DM ha-1). Average seasonal yield in both periods was higher in spring (9,447 kg DM ha-1) than in autumn (3,120 kg DM ha-1). The leaf was the component that contributed most (56 %) to yield, particularly in spring in the 95 % IL treatments. Plant height was greatest in the 90, 95 and 100 % IL treatments (average= 21.5 cm) and lowest in the FC treatments (average= 17 cm). By season, plant height was greatest (average= 24 cm) in spring and lowest in winter (average= 17 cm). In both periods, average leaf:stem ratio was highest in the FC treatment (2.3) followed by the 90, 95 and 100 % IL treatments. Lotus corniculatus genotype 255301 yield was optimum when harvested using intercepted light percentages as an indicator; leaf production was highest in the 95 % intercepted light treatments.

Palabras llave : Lotus corniculatus L.; Forage production; Harvest strategy; Intercepted light.

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