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Revista mexicana de ciencias pecuarias

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6698versión impresa ISSN 2007-1124

Resumen

SARRIA, José A.; RUIZ, Francisco A.; MENA, Yolanda  y  CASTEL, José M.. Characterization and proposals for the improvement of goat production systems of the Peruvian coast. Rev. mex. de cienc. pecuarias [online]. 2014, vol.5, n.4, pp.487-504. ISSN 2448-6698.

Peru has an important goat sector, based mainly on mixed or meat purpose herds. Nevertheless, in Peruvian central coast valleys, goats are more oriented to milk purpose, being the animal feeding based on graze crop stubbles. The objective of this study was to characterize farms of this area. Sixty (60) farmers were interviewed and 39 variables were used in the study. A multivariate analysis followed by an ANOVA among the four obtained clusters was conducted. Two dimensions were obtained explaining 69.9 % of variance. Eight variables showed statistical differences: (i) farmer's education level, primary and secondary level predominate respectively in Clusters 3 and 2, P<0.05); (ii) farm surface area, less than 0.50 ha except in Cluster 1, P<0.05; (iii) type of land ownership, private was lesser in Cluster 1, P<0.01; (iv) importance of goats, goat production was the main farmer activity in Clusters 3 and 4, P<0.001; (v) number of goats, 97 y 80 respectively in Clusters 1 and 4 and less in the other clusters; P<0.001); (vii) number of bovines, 18 and 16 respectively in Clusters 1 and 2 and less in the other clusters, P<0.001; and (viii) feeding supply in the trough, farmers did not supplied feed in Clusters 1 and 4, P<0.01. These production systems should be improved globally for their continuity. Likewise, the holding size increasing would be appropriate and the trading of singular products should be driving.

Palabras llave : Stubble grazing; Optimal scaling analysis; Cluster analysis.

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