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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934


JARAMILLO ALBUJA, José Gabriel et al. Characterization of seasonal corn producers in Tierra Blanca, Veracruz. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2018, vol.9, n.5, pp.911-923. ISSN 2007-0934.

Maize is one of the main crops in Mexico due to the fact that it plays an important role in the diet of the Mexican, the main source of supply of this grain in the national market comes from around 2.6 million small producers who grow this cereal in areas smaller than five hectares and also represents one of the fundamental pillars for the food security of rural families who are generally in conditions of marginalization and poverty. The objective of this article is to characterize seasonal maize producers in 14 localities of the Municipality of Tierra Blanca, Veracruz state, which have high and medium marginalization rates. In this sense and to understand the productive management processes of the farmers, this research was carried out to understand the economic, social and productive aspects associated with maize yields under rainy season conditions in the spring - summer 2015 cycle, with the design of a questionnaire, information was collected through personalized interviews with the producers. The results showed that the producers have an average of 55 years of age with 5.5 years of schooling, each family has about 4 members, the average size of the plots is 11.28 hectares/producer, 94.3% uses improved seed and achieve a yield average of 2.8 t ha-1 with an average density of 31 948 plants ha-1. The main animals that were found in the lots or backyards were: chickens, pigs, bovines.

Palabras llave : marginalization; poverty; yields.

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