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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934


MOLINA GOMEZ, Hugo Josue; JIMENEZ VELAZQUEZ, Mercedes A.; ARVIZU BARRON, Ezequiel  y  SANGERMAN-JARQUIN, Dora Ma.. Flower production and use of natural resources in Zinacantán, Chiapas. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2017, vol.8, n.3, pp.583-597. ISSN 2007-0934.

The area destined to produce traditional basic crops changes to other commercial ones: vegetables and flowers, contributing to the creation of income and jobs. Its installation, requires greenhouses to avoid flowers damage, deforesting forests; using agrochemicals; causing waste and generating high costs of production. The objective of this research was to analyze the sustainability of the flower production system and its importance for the peasant families of Zinacantán, Chiapas. The field work was carried out in the agricultural cycle: winter-spring-summer (2015-2016) in the municipality of Zinacantán. A methodology with mixed approach (qualitative and quantitative); the qualitative one with social research techniques; and quantitative one using a questionnaire that was applied to flower producers (81), using the framework for the evaluation of natural resources management incorporating sustainability analysis (MESMIS). Results obtained indicate that of the indicators proposed for sustainable evaluation (17), indicators (11) have an index greater than 50% help to strengthen the system and six of them weaken it. Production is not sustainable due to deterioration and contamination of natural resources; peasants interviewed know the problems caused by the production of natural resources; and there are very few activities they do in order to take care of it. It is concluded that flower production is a non-sustainable production and it is important for peasant families because it generates income.

Palabras llave : MESMIS; modern agriculture; peasant families; producers.

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