SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.8 número3Efecto de la salinidad en callos de variedades de trigo durante el cultivo in vitroCaracterización del perfil del extensionista rural en la zona oriente del Estado de México índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • No hay artículos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versión impresa ISSN 2007-0934


QUERO CARRILLO, Adrián Raymundo et al. Germination of cariopsids classified by size and diaspores of four pastures for semi-arid rain-fed. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2017, vol.8, n.3, pp.489-502. ISSN 2007-0934.

In Poaceae, the commercial seed or propagule consists of the spikelet or diaspora: caryopsis (Cs) + accessory bracts: usually glumes, lemurs, paleas and sometimes species specific, modified branches, which have an effect on germination, and influence the management required and therefore the biological quality of the seed. The removal of accessory bracts with or without Cs classification by size is an undocumented alternative in the establishment of rain-fed praires. The objective of this paper was to evaluate germination by sowing every 30 days, Cs classified from pasture, two native and two introduced, obtained from commercial diaspores at the beginning of the experiment (Cs base -CsB) or every 60 days (Cs control-CsT), for 15 months; similarly, to evaluate the emergence of seedlings from diaspores. The propagules (diasporas or Cs) were evaluated from February 2010 to May 2011, in laboratory. Native and introduced species included Bouteloua gracilis, B. curtipendula, Cenchrus ciliaris and Chloris gayana, respectively. From diaspores, accessory bracts were removed and the resulting Cs were separated with sieves into large (CsG), medium (CsM) and small (CsCh). They were sown based on viable pure seed, the different sizes of Cs, on wet paper, as diaspores at 1 cm depth, in peat moss. The behavior of the germination was analyzed by logistic regression with the Logistic routine of SAS. In the evaluated species, larger Cs size was associated with higher germination and the covariables benefit and storage time were significant (p< 0.001). Germination in native pastures tended to decrease with time, contrary to introduced ones and germination was higher in direct relation to the Cs size. The viability is best preserved by maintaining the Cs with accessory bracts; but in introduced species germination increased when they were eliminated.

Palabras llave : Bouteloua gracilis; Bouteloua curtipendula; classified caryopsids; grass seed.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español | Inglés     · Español ( pdf ) | Inglés ( pdf )