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Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas

versão impressa ISSN 2007-0934


FRANCO-GAONA, Arturo et al. The ekuaro: a traditional agroforestry system michoacano. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc [online]. 2016, vol.7, n.spe16, pp.3357-3370. ISSN 2007-0934.

The ekuaro, ecuaro or ekuarhu (ekuaɹu= yard) is a traditional ethnoagroforestry own complex system of the state of Michoacán and P'urhépechas or Tarascos, which according to its growers can be part of the housing as it interrelates with the home, the barn, breeding and cattle farm, wholesale and retail, agriculture and some forest species; or found in the hillsides with maize and other associated species without tilling the soil, because their shallowness, presence of stones and steep slopes prevent it. With the aim of gathering information ethnoagroforestry ekuaro as a traditional system, developed by Tarascos or P'urhépechas and their current descendants inherited tendency to disappear, we started from the empirical evidence Valley field Morelia-Queréndaro and literature systematization qualifier to build a conceptual framework and identify its importance and problematic as traditional sociocultural space. It is classified and characterized the ekuaro and progress as huamil among the nahuatl. As traditional farming system shows that the ekuaro is diverse and multifunctional, so that a classification based on their location and type of technology used in it is proposed: a) ekuaro type courtyard, solar, orchard or garden b) ekuaro of agroforestry associated with livestock; c) ekuaro huamil type; and d) ekuaro intensive cultivation of land. In them the corn is grown and canned corn uarhuti ekuaro or at risk of disappearing.

Palavras-chave : classification; corn; family garden; history; P'urhépechas.

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