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En-claves del pensamiento

On-line version ISSN 2594-1100Print version ISSN 1870-879X


MENDEZ PINTO, Emilio. De lo justo y lo injusto a partir del razonamiento lógico-aritmético. En-clav. pen [online]. 2012, vol.6, n.11, pp.99-112. ISSN 2594-1100.

This essay has two main purposes: one explicit and other implicit. The explicit one is clearly exposed in the text and should be judged as it is: a series of thoughts, possibilities and limitations about justice from a logical reasoning. The second purpose is an attempt for thinking political philosophy beyond all possible dogmatism and beyond any metaphysical arguments based on judgments and values which have determined the history of political philosophy. It is not an attempt to ignore these concepts, but to think beyond them in its limits and possibilities. Political philosophy is like a beheaded animal: disorientated and banging against the walls of its own dogmatism. Its main themes -government, freedom, rights, property, etc.- always find theoretical fundament and legitimacy because they are thought from value judgments. Because of this reason, all and every one of the substantial themes of political philosophy are legitimated, defended in someway or attacked in the opposite way without being absolutely defeated or recognized, referencing always to judges about human nature, historical determinism, the ethical purpose of the State or to any other form of metaphysical excuse. This essay do not attempt to divest political philosophy form judgments of value, without which political philosophy could not be, but to think about main themes in this subject form a new methodological perspective. In this case, from the logical-arithmetic reasoning.

Keywords : justice; logic; deduction; State; subjective elements.

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