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Migración y desarrollo

versão impressa ISSN 1870-7599


MARQUEZ COVARRUBIAS, Humberto. El redoble de la migración forzada: inseguridad, criminalización y destierro. Migr. desarro [online]. 2013, vol.11, n.21, pp.159-175. ISSN 1870-7599.

Having been absorbed into the North American regional block, Mexico stands as an enclave economy that, systematically, delivers the naked subsoil wealth into the hands of extractive capital, offers cheap labor to transnational corporations and transfers economic surplus to parent companies overseas. It is an incoherent economy that dis-accumulates, impoverishes the population and creates forced migration. Undocumented migrants are trapped in a spiral of human degradation; first they are banished from a country incapable of offering them the most basic conditions of life; later, in the supposed "promised land", they are divided and super-exploited (when they are not criminalized, detained and deported) and finally, when they are forced to return, they are added to the sectors of society who suffer exclusion among the already-excluded. The United States government promised a migratory reform that departs markedly from the past, and yet it intensifies detainments and deportations of workers who are branded as criminals for the sole fact that they are immigrants without papers.

Palavras-chave : forced migration; immigration reform; deportation; U.S.; Mexico.

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