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Región y sociedad

versão On-line ISSN 2448-4849versão impressa ISSN 1870-3925


LOPEZ TORRES, Virginia Guadalupe; MORENO MORENO, Luis Ramón  e  MARIN VARGAS, Ma. Enselmina. Un acercamiento a los actores ribereños en la pesca de camarón en San Felipe, Baja California. Región y sociedad [online]. 2016, vol.28, n.67, pp.5-44. ISSN 2448-4849.

For several years now, national governments and international institutions have generated a set of strategies with the aim of reducing environmental problems by creating nature reserves. However, it is worth mentioning that under the conservation scenario, non-consensual actions do not resolve the environmental degradation due to the weakening of the social fabric necessary to start a process of sustainable community development, and, as a result, conservation becomes illegitimate to the local population, which hardens positions and makes it difficult to search for joint solutions. The latter is what has been happening recently with the fishermen of the Port of San Felipe, Baja California, who on a couple of occasions have closed the highway between the city of Mexicali and the port, and has gone so far to close the international border between Mexicali and Calexico. This social unrest that threatens to escalate further is the result of the refusal of the San Felipe fishermen (and now the Gulf of Santa Clara in Sonora) to modify their fishing gear according to the new official standard (NOM-002-SAG / PESC-2013).

Palavras-chave : Mexican Official Standard; gillnet; drift net; Biosphere Reserve; Upper California Gulf; vaquita porpoise; social actors; fishing.

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