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Región y sociedad

On-line version ISSN 2448-4849Print version ISSN 1870-3925


MUNOZ NUNEZ, Julio Adrián  and  JAIMES MARTINEZ, Ramiro. De vicarios y obispos. El establecimiento de la diócesis de Tijuana, 1940-1964. Región y sociedad [online]. 2016, vol.28, n.66, pp.95-130. ISSN 2448-4849.

During the second half of the nineteenth century and the first of the following, in Baja California a missionary Catholic church was intended unsuccessfully to be transformed into a diocesan church. However, starting from the 1940s the new vicar and the Missionaries of the Holy Spirit reorganized the ecclesial structure and took advantage of the social, economic and political transformations that occurred in the peninsula. In this paper some aspects of the Catholic Church's institutional consolidation process in Baja California, which led to the establishment of the Diocese of Tijuana, are analyzed. To explain the above three general factors are considered: 1) the religious organization and the role of lay associations in this transformation, 2) the Population growth in northern Baja California, and 3) the relationship of the vicariate with local authorities and within the church.

Keywords : religious history; Catholic Church; ecclesial organization; Church-State relations; settlement in Baja California.

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