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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versão On-line ISSN 2007-8706versão impressa ISSN 1870-3453


ESPADAS-MANRIQUE, Celene et al. Evaluation of the extinction risk of Beaucarnea pliabilis (Asparagaceae) (despeinada or tsiipil), an endemic species of the Yucatan Peninsula. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2020, vol.91, e913428.  Epub 01-Mar-2021. ISSN 2007-8706.

Beaucarnea pliabilis, an endemic species from the Yucatán Peninsula, was classified in 1994 as a threatened species under the NOM-059-ECOL-1994 due to its fragile environment and its increasing extraction for commerce. Although ex situ reproduction efforts have been carried out in the past years, habitat destruction has advanced. This study aimed to apply the official methodology (MER, Método de evaluación de riesgo de especies silvestres en México) in order to update the status of the species. Population structure, size and morphological variability were assessed at 6 sites. using open access databases from INEGI to evaluate changes in land use and distribution contrasting current conditions with those present under the previous assessment. Additioonal data were obtained from herbaria and published accounts. The total value of MER obtained was 2.312, which being above 2, leaves the species as “endangered”. The main cause of the reclassification is habitat loss and fragmentation, but also because it is dioecious without clonal reproduction, a condition that hinders its reproduction in the wild.

Palavras-chave : Mexican Official Norm; Conservation; Seasonally dry forest; Land use change; Deforestation; Habitat degradation; Brink of extinction.

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