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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versión On-line ISSN 2007-8706versión impresa ISSN 1870-3453


PETERS, Edward M. et al. Geographic distribution and conservation status of Mammillaria pectinifera populations. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2014, vol.85, n.3, pp.942-952. ISSN 2007-8706.

Mammillaria pectinifera is an endangered cactus endemic to the Tehuacán Valley. In the mid-1990s, 6 localities with few individuals were known. This information was crucial for protecting the species through national and international legal instruments. To enhance the knowledge on its geographic distribution and conservation status, exploratory expeditions were made: first throughout ecological areas similar to those known with existing populations, and later based on a predictive model of geographic distribution. Results show that the species is composed by at least 31 localities and a much larger number of individuals, and suggest the need of stronger emphasis on exploration with the best available methods and tools in order to assess the distribution, abundance and pressure on a slightly conspicuous species. In spite of the substantial increase in localities, and considering the fact that 55% of them are within the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve, the cactus is under high anthropogenic pressure, suggesting that the species is vulnerable to disappearing in some localities if deterioration rates of its habitat are not reduced in the short term.

Palabras llave : Cactaceae; Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve; ecological niche modelling; GARP analysis; Red list.

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