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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versão On-line ISSN 2007-8706versão impressa ISSN 1870-3453

Resumo

RINCON-HERNANDEZ, Cintia A.; SANCHEZ PEREZ, José De La Luz  e  ESPINOSA-GARCIA, Francisco J.. Foliar chemical caracterization of the creole avocado trees (Persea americana var. drymifolia) in the germplasm banks from Michoacán, Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodiv. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.2, pp.395-412. ISSN 2007-8706.

Persea americana var. drymifolia (mexican creole avocado) is used as rootstock in Hass avocado orchards and it is a source of genes for resistance to pests and pathogens for this and other cultivars. The Mexican varieties are being replaced by commercial cultivars or lost by the destruction of ecosystems. Therefore, we studied 250 avocado trees of 52 accessions from 14 Mexican states; 247 mexican creole avocado and 3 hybrids of that tree with P. shiedeana, P. americana var. americana or P. americana var. guatemalensis, planted at germplasm banks, Michoacán. Foliar chemical composition was analyzed by GC-MS. High chemical variability among the trees was found with the 64 volatile compounds detected. Two large chemical groups on a scale of 100% dissimilarity and 22 groups at 10% dissimilarity were found by cluster analysis. The hybrids were grouped differently from the typical creole trees and were also different in the altitude of origin. We corroborate that foliar volatiles serve as markers to differentiate creole avocado trees and their hybrids and that much variation attributed to the creole variety comes from hybridization in contact zones of this variety with other varieties or species of Persea.

Palavras-chave : creole avocado; avocado geographical distribution; estragole; hybrid avocados; foliar secondary metabolites; chemical variation of avocado.

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