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Polis

versión On-line ISSN 2594-0686versión impresa ISSN 1870-2333

Resumen

MORAL DE LA RUBIA, José; GONZALEZ NAVARRO, Manuel  y  ORTEGA RUBI, María Estela. Identity and perception of the political environment in Monterrey: Psychosocial approach of the 2006 election. Polis [online]. 2009, vol.5, n.2, pp.79-119. ISSN 2594-0686.

This paper studies from a psychosocial perspective, the political identities built by the citizens of Monterrey and its metropolitan zone, and the relationship between these identities, the social problems perception and assessment of the country's situation. The evaluations of the candidates and political parties, as well as the expectations with each party in the event of winning also are included. The study seeks to recognize the subjective aspects of the citizen participation. To this end, we integrated a sample of 252 Nuevo Leon citizens, whose opinions were consulted by means of an open answers questionnaire. The results indicate that the valuation of the country and federal government tended to be positive, while the preoccupations were related to insecurity, unemployment and economic crisis. The perception of the political actors allowed comparison of the various political offer characteristics. Most of the citizens were defined as center-right and identified with the Acción Nacional Party and its presidential candidate. We discuss the psychosocial processes involved, such as comparison of the political actors, the aspects that allow identification with them and the differentiation that social groups make of the political actors. This allows convergence on a specific political identity process that guides citizen participation.

Palabras llave : Political identity; political perception; social actors evaluation.

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