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Revista IUS

versão impressa ISSN 1870-2147


JIMENEZ MARTINEZ, Lucett Guadalupe  e  MARTINEZ CRUZ, Jessica. The human rights of African migrants in Mexico: reality or rhetoric?. Rev. IUS [online]. 2021, vol.15, n.47, pp.293-324.  Epub 21-Maio-2021. ISSN 1870-2147.

From 2016 to 2019, attention was drawn to the presence of a new wave of extracontinental migration - the arrival in Mexico of African migrants from Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, and the Congo. Among the main causes are civil war, health concerns, poverty, climate change, and famine, all of which have forced huge numbers of the African population to leave the country of their birth in search of new op-portunities and a better quality of life, leading to a forced migration of great magnitude. For this reason, the present article analyzes the migration process involved in the recent and specific exodus of Africans to Mexico and its legal implications. Similarly, it conducts a hermeneutic interpretation of Mexican jurisprudence, contrasting this with the challenges faced by Mexico as a country that promotes the right to refuge, as proposed by the various human rights instruments and the 2030 Global Agenda. The present study is based on qualitative research, using the hermeneutic method, and is based on various theories, such as cumulative causation and network theory, all in service to responding to the following research question: To what extent is the Mexican legislation applied in order to guarantee the human rights of transcontinental migrants from Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, and the Congo?

Palavras-chave : Africa; Mexico; extracontinental migration; Ghana; Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo; human rights; refugees; hermeneutics.

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