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On-line version ISSN 2448-539XPrint version ISSN 1870-1191


CONCHA MERLO, Pablo Alberto. The “criollo” and his others. The formation of an identity matrix in the Chaco santiagueño. Culturales [online]. 2021, vol.9, e534.  Epub Feb 16, 2022. ISSN 2448-539X.

In the last decades, the process of invention and popular reception of the “Criollo” social identity began to be discussed in the Argentine social sciences. From an ethnographic methodological approach, the article aims to describe and understand this process during the 20th century in the Chaco santiagueño region, located in the province of Santiago del Estero, Argentine. The results of the investigation process indicate that “Criollo” identity was assigned and appropriated by the local inhabitants in the context of a vertiginous change of social order generated by the arrival of the working capital and migrants known by the local people in terms of “Gringos” and “Turcos”. In other words, the article argues that it was the contrast with “Gringos” and “Turcos” that allowed the discursive adoption of an identity like “criollo” from the literary world of the late nineteenth century and the formation of an identity matrix in the local life.

Keywords : Criollo; identity matrix; alterization.

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