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Economía UNAM

versión impresa ISSN 1665-952X


BARRON, María Antonieta. Migrant agricultural day laborers and job vulnerability. Mexican day laborers in Ontario, Canada. Economía UNAM [online]. 2020, vol.17, n.50, pp.182-200.  Epub 22-Dic-2020. ISSN 1665-952X.

Since the signing of the Temporary Agricultural Workers Program, PTAT in 1974, when 203 Mexicans went to the agricultural fields of Canada, by the end of 2018, 25.3 thousand Mexicans had emigrated to the country. But this rising migration was not consolidated in decent work conditions, these are not different from those of day laborers in Mexico or undocumented migrants in the United States. Over the years, the criteria for setting the workday have been tightened, therefore, this article tries to show the changes in working conditions taking several moments, 1998, 2004 and 2014. Although there were several changes in these markets, an aging of Mexican migrant workers, an increase in frictional unemployment and an extension of the work day that explains the increase in income and not the result of salary improvements. The hiring conditions are clear, what has no answer is those who, after 45 years have benefited from monetary support for retirement.

Palabras llave : J; J16; J21; J31; J42; Labor and demographic economics; Economics of Gender; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Wage Level and Structure; Segmented Labor Markets.

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