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Economía UNAM

versão impressa ISSN 1665-952X


HUERTA GONZALEZ, Arturo. Regional imbalances and social inequality in Mexico. Economía UNAM [online]. 2020, vol.17, n.49, pp.116-131.  Epub 22-Dez-2020. ISSN 1665-952X.

The paper analyzes how the economic policy of free mobility of goods and capital and macroeconomic stability policy (high interest rate, stable exchange rate and fiscal austerity) have accentuated regional and social inequalities in the country. This is manifested in the greater economic, financial and political power in the big cities, which pressures for the economic and budgetary policy to favor and feed back its growth, at the cost of relegating the rest of the regions and accentuating wage and income inequalities. Such policies have diminished economic dynamics. Exporting regions have not become development poles that drive their regions and the rest of the country, given the high imported component of manufacturing exports. Fiscal policy has reduced public investment, such as federal shares, which has accentuated productive lags, such as regional inequalities. The country does not have sovereign management of economic policy to boost productive, regional and employment development, becoming determined by the free market.

Palavras-chave : Regional Government Analysis; Measurement of Economic Growth; Regional; Urban and Rural Analysis; Equity; Justice; Inequality; R5; O47; O18; D63.

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