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vol.16 número47Ciclos económicos en México: identificación, profundidad y duraciónLa inversión pública y privada en la producción de México, 1994-2015: enfoque dual índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Economía UNAM

versão impressa ISSN 1665-952X

Resumo

PELAEZ HERREROS, Óscar. Welfare indicators for Mexico, 1950-2015: similarities, differences and persistence over time. Economía UNAM [online]. 2019, vol.16, n.47, pp.109-124.  Epub 30-Jun-2020. ISSN 1665-952X.  https://doi.org/10.22201/fe.24488143e.2019.47.465.

The first objective of this paper is to measure the intensity of the relationships between the indices of human development (HDI), marginalization (IM), social backwardness (IRS) and the percentages of income and multidimensional poverty. A second objective is to analyze the dependence of the HDI and the IM on their own past values. To do this, we use state-level data from 1950 to 2010, for the HDI, and from 1970 to 2015, for the IM. The coefficient of determination and the Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient show that all the considered indicators tend to present similar levels of deficiencies in the same populations. In addition, a strong correlation is detected between the present values of the HDI and the IM and their past values. For example, the 1950 HDI figures explain 65.3% of the 2010 HDI. The conclusion is that the welfare indicators are characterized more by their similarities than by their differences, as well as by their parsimonious evolution over time.

Palavras-chave : Economic Welfare; Welfare and Poverty; Measurement and Analysis of Poverty; D6; I3; I32.

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