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Economía UNAM

versión impresa ISSN 1665-952X


BARRON, María Antonieta. The rural labor gap in Mexico. An invisible crack of unemployment. Economía UNAM [online]. 2018, vol.15, n.45, pp.89-107. ISSN 1665-952X.

The aftermath of the crisis of 2008, have maintained a persistent unemployment with a slight downward trend in Mexico, given the limitations of the definition of employed and unemployed, the unemployment record is insufficient, it is necessary to measure the labor gap that allows to know the real supply of labor force, which has expanded despite the labor reform of 2012 or as a consequence.

Employment, unemployment and labor gap have a markedly different behavior in urban and rural areas, hence the interest to measure the rural labor gap by sex and state. In the search for elements that explain their behavior, the labor gap is related to employment in critical conditions of occupation, finally the imbalances of the labor gap by sex of the rural areas of the country are compared, from calculating the location index that corroborates by entity where the phenomenon is concentrated.

Several phenomena define the behavior of the labor gap, distinguish the fact that in the poorest states is where the gap is smaller than in the less poor, in addition, there is an inverse relationship between the labor gap and critical occupation conditions.

Palabras llave : Labor economics; Wage level and structure; Particular Labor Markets; Mobility; Unemployment; and Vacancies; J; J31; J4; J6.

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