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Revista mexicana de economía y finanzas

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6795versión impresa ISSN 1665-5346


RODRIGUEZ BENAVIDES, Domingo; MORA GUTIERREZ, Román  y  MARTINEZ GARCIA, Miguel Ángel. How Stable Has Growth Been in Latin America?. Rev. mex. econ. finanz [online]. 2016, vol.11, n.3, pp.96-115. ISSN 2448-6795.

In this paper, we characterize economic growth among a sample of Latin American countries by means of two panel stationarity tests: those of Carrion-i-Silvestre et al. (2005) and Hadri and Rao (2008). The latter has a number of advantages compared to the first, in that it allows us to control (i) non-observed heterogeneity, both in its form and dates of possible structural breaks in the tendency function; (ii) the cross-section dependencyamong the units with panel bootstrap methods; and (iii) serial correlation in the errors. Our results show that economic growth in most Latin American countries has slowed significantly following structural breaks. The main implication of this finding is the inability of countries to recover from negative impacts and thus return to the original path of balanced growth.

JEL Classification: C33, O1, O47, O5.

Palabras llave : Economic growth; Structural Break; Panel Stationarity Test; Latin America.

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