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Papeles de población

On-line version ISSN 2448-7147Print version ISSN 1405-7425


GONZALEZ-ARELLANO, Salomón; LARRALDE-CORONA, Adriana Helia  and  CRUZ-BELLO, Gustavo Manuel. The peri-urban in Mexico: Identification and sociodemographic and territorial characterization. Pap. poblac [online]. 2021, vol.27, n.108, pp.119-145.  Epub Dec 06, 2021. ISSN 2448-7147.

Scientific production and territorial politics in Mexico have been built basically from the country-city dichotomy. Consequently, peri-urban phenomena have not been clearly explained and the policies addressed at these spaces are not explicit or differentiated. This article aims to provide panoramic information on the peri-urban in Mexico. First, a method is proposed for the identification of the peri-urban based on the Shannon entropy index that measures the heterogeneity of land use. Second, we characterize the peri-urban space by demographic, social and territorial attributes. Finally, the study identifies four sociodemographic and territorial dimensions of the peri-urban space: 1) socio-occupational polarization, 2) the opposition between natural land and cultivated land, 3) urbanization as a built environment, and demographic dynamics, and 4) social marginalization and informal dwelling. These dimensions suggest differentiated simultaneous processes in the peri-urban space.

Keywords : Peri-urban space; national urban system; urban sprawl; urbanization.

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