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vol.73 número2Caracterización geofísica de una falla potencialmente activa en el micrograben Agua Fría, Los Azufres, MéxicoAnálisis neotectónico y paleosísmico de la falla Loma Negra Oriental, frente orogénico de la Precordillera Central, Argentina índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana

versión impresa ISSN 1405-3322


LACAN, Pierre  y  ARANGO-GALVAN, Claudia. Geophysical evidence of the 1912 earthquake rupture along the central fault system of the Acambay Graben, Central Mexico. Bol. Soc. Geol. Mex [online]. 2021, vol.73, n.2, 00007.  Epub 31-Ene-2022. ISSN 1405-3322.

In this work, we have applied two geophysical techniques in two different areas of potential interest for paleoseismological assessment of the active faults of the Acambay graben. The main goal was to localize segments of buried faults suspected to break the surface during the 1912 Acambay Earthquake, in order to (1) identify favorable sites for paleoseismological investigation purpose and (2) extrapolate the data obtained with a paleoseismic trenching. On the one hand, Electromagnetic Induction (EMI) Method was used to map the horizontal variation of the apparent resistivity in order to detect the 1912 surface rupture of the Temascalcingo fault in the alluvial plain of the Lerma River. On the other hand, within a volcanic edifice, the Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) technique was used to characterize the electrical resistivity distribution along a profile in order to detect and localize the San Pedro fault, partially buried in a Holocene sedimentary filling of a small endorheic basin. Results of these studies allow defining location and orientation of the structures that potentially broke the surface during the 1912 earthquake and are partially hidden by recent deposits filling the tectonic depressions. Good correlation between ERT subsurface to deep imagery of faults and a trench survey which cuts across the San Pedro fault trace, illustrate the pertinence to use such techniques for paleoseismological investigation purpose in volcano-sedimentary environments.

Palabras llave : active fault; geophysical characterization; electrical resistivity tomography; electromagnetic induction; paleoseismology; Temascalcingo fault; San Pedro fault.

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